During male adolescence, testosterone stimulates the development of muscles, deepens the voice and encourages the growth of the penis and testes. Testosterone is also what regulates muscle mass, bone mass and sex drive during adulthood. Testosterone is produced mainly in the testes but also in the adrenal glands. Most men experience a decline in their testosterone levels after the age of 30 as part of the natural aging process.
Hypogonadism in males happens when the testicles don’t produce enough testosterone. Hypogonadism may also be known as gonad deficiency. It may be called low serum testosterone or andropause when it happens in males.
Primary hypogonadism is caused by underactive testes because they don’t manufacture sufficient levels of testosterone for optimal growth and health. This underactivity can be caused by an inherited trait or it can be acquired by an accident or illness.
Secondary hypogonadism is caused by damage to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus. These parts of the brain control hormone production by the testes.
Mixed hypogonadism is more common with increased age. People undergoing glucocorticoid therapy can develop the condition. It also can affect people with sickle-cell disease, thalassemia, or alcoholism.
Injectable testosterone is a popular form of testosterone replacement therapy today. It’s effective, fast acting, and there’s no risk of transference to those around you. Reduce risks associated with other delivery systems such as messy gels and surgical implants. Testosterone replacement therapy is used for patients with low levels of the testosterone. We use it to treat conditions caused by lack of the hormone, such as delayed puberty, impotence, and other hormonal imbalances. Benefits include increased sexual desire, increased muscle mass, increased erectile function, and sperm production.
The male body can become deprived of testosterone with age. Whether it is from eating poorly or exercising less, the body’s hormones and biological processes can become so reduced in number that they are practically ineffective. Luteinizing hormones stimulate testosterone levels and androgen receptors to be more responsive allowing for sexual dysfunctions to be corrected. Luteinizing hormones are often used in combination with anti-estrogens.
Anti-Estrogens act to either decrease the amount of estrogen in the body or block the estrogen receptors. In men, this causes the natural testosterone levels to increase. Symptoms associated with high estrogen include: water retention, acne, gynecomastia, low sex drive, and irritability. Anti-Estrogens are often used in combination with luteinizing hormones.